Provisional Regulations on safety supervision of p

2022-09-22
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Provisional Regulations on safety supervision of boilers and pressure vessels

(issued by the State Council on February 6, 1982)

Chapter I General Provisions

Article 1 boilers and pressure vessels are pressure equipment widely used in production and life and have explosion risks. These Regulations are formulated to ensure the safe operation of boilers and pressure vessels and to ensure the safety of people's lives and state property

Article 2 this regulation applies to all pressure boilers and various pressure vessels with a pressure of more than one gauge pressure. Units that design, manufacture, install, use, inspect, repair and transform these equipment must implement these regulations

this regulation does not apply to boilers and pressure vessels on ships and locomotives

Article 3 the boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision institutions of labor departments at all levels shall supervise and inspect boilers and pressure vessels

the boiler and pressure vessel inspection institute led by the labor department is a public institution specializing in the inspection of boilers and pressure vessels. Chapter II Supervision and inspection Article 4 the design unit shall be responsible for the safety and technical performance of the designed boilers and pressure vessels

the national finalized boiler design must be examined and approved by the competent department of the State Council and the boiler and Pressure Vessel Safety Supervision Bureau of the State Administration of labor; Non national finalized boiler design must be examined and approved by the competent departments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government and the boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision office of the Labor Bureau (Department)

the design unit of pressure vessels must be approved by the competent department and reported to the boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision organization at the same level for the record. The design shall be approved by the technical director of the design unit. The design of class III vessels specified in the pressure vessel safety supervision regulations shall also be reported to the boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision office of the Labor Bureau of the province, autonomous region and municipality directly under the central government for the record

the general design drawing of boiler and pressure vessel shall have the words of review and approval

Article 5 the manufacturing units of boilers and pressure vessels must have the processing equipment, technical force and inspection means necessary to ensure product quality. Welding workers must pass the examination and obtain the certificate issued by the local boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision organization before welding pressure components

the unit manufacturing boilers and pressure vessels must be examined and approved by the competent department of the province, autonomous region, or municipality directly under the central government and the boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision office. For units manufacturing steam boilers with a pressure of more than one gauge pressure and units manufacturing three types of pressure vessels, they must also be reported to the competent department of the State Council and the boiler and Pressure Vessel Safety Supervision Bureau of the State Administration of labor for approval, and the State Administration of labor shall issue a manufacturing license. Units that have not fulfilled the above procedures are not allowed to manufacture such equipment. Manufacturing units with poor product quality and no improvement shall be disqualified

Article 6 boiler and pressure vessel manufacturers must strictly implement the raw material acceptance system, process management system and product quality inspection system in accordance with relevant regulations to ensure the quality of products. Unqualified products are not allowed to leave the factory

implement the ex factory supervision and inspection system for boiler products of boiler manufacturers. The supervision and inspection work shall be carried out by the local boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision organization or its authorized boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspection Institute: the boiler manufacturer shall pay the inspection fee

new products of boilers and pressure vessels must be trial produced and identified before mass production. The identification of new products must be attended by representatives of the local boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision organization

Article 7 the safety accessories of boilers and pressure vessels shall be produced by units examined and approved by the local boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision organization, and the products must meet the requirements of safety technical performance. New products of safety accessories for boilers and pressure vessels must be trial produced and identified before mass production. The identification of new products must be attended by representatives of the local boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision organization

Article 8 the construction unit that installs boilers and pressure vessels must be examined and approved by the boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision office of the province, autonomous region and municipality directly under the central government. The installation work must comply with the requirements of relevant regulations to ensure the construction quality

before the installation of the boiler, the layout plan of the boiler and the drawings indicating the distance from the relevant buildings must be submitted to the local boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision organization for review and approval. Otherwise, construction is not allowed

Article 9 units using boilers and pressure vessels must register with the local boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision organization and obtain the use certificate before putting the equipment into operation. The user unit shall set up special institutions or full-time technicians according to the number of equipment and the requirements for safety performance, strengthen the safety technology management of boilers and pressure vessels, and establish and improve the safety management system

units using boilers and pressure vessels must carry out technical training and assessment for operators, which often leads to inaccurate test results. The stoker must pass the examination and obtain the certificate issued by the local boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision organization before he can operate independently

Article 10 units using boilers and pressure vessels must implement a regular inspection system for operating boilers and pressure vessels in accordance with relevant regulations. The regular inspection can be carried out by the user unit or its competent department, or by the local boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision organization or inspection institute. Personnel engaged in inspection work must be examined and approved by the boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision institutions of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government. The boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision organization shall conduct random inspection on the quality of their inspection work

the boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision organization or inspection institute shall conduct regular inspection on the boiler and pressure vessel, and the inspected unit shall pay the inspection fee

Article 11 units that repair and transform boilers and pressure vessels must have the necessary tooling equipment, technical force and inspection means, and be examined and approved by the local boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision organization

major repair and transformation of pressure parts of boilers and pressure vessels shall comply with the requirements of safety supervision regulations and relevant standards, and the repair and transformation plan shall be submitted to the local boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision organization for review and approval

Article 12 If the boilers and pressure vessels are seriously damaged, it is difficult to ensure safe operation, and there is no repair value, they should be scrapped, and the use certificate should be returned to the local boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision organization. Scrapped boilers and pressure vessels shall not be used as pressure equipment. Chapter III Organization and functions and powers Article 13 The State Administration of labor establishes a boiler and Pressure Vessel Safety Supervision Bureau, which is in charge of boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision throughout the country. The labor bureaus (departments) of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government have set up boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision offices, and the labor bureaus of regions and municipalities with concentrated industries have set up boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision sections, which are in charge of boilers in their jurisdictions. In 2006, the Chinese Government referred to the European Union en13501 (1) standard for pressure vessel safety supervision

boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision organizations at all levels are under the leadership of the labor department at the same level and under the guidance of the higher boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision organization in business

the appointment, removal and transfer of the main principals of boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision institutions at all levels shall be reported to the boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision institution at the next higher level for the record

Article 14 the boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision organization shall set up boiler and pressure vessel safety supervisors, who shall be selected from senior engineers, engineers, assistant engineers or technicians with boiler and pressure vessel safety technical knowledge

the inspector of the boiler and Pressure Vessel Safety Supervision Bureau of the State Administration of labor, appointed by the State Administration of labor; The supervisors of local boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision institutions shall be appointed by the labor bureaus (departments) of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government and reported to the boiler and Pressure Vessel Safety Supervision Bureau of the State Administration of labor for the record

the supervisor shall be issued a boiler and pressure vessel safety supervisor certificate by the appointing authority. The inspector card is uniformly printed by the State Administration of labor

Article 15 the main functions and powers of the boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision organization are:

(I) actively publicize the guidelines and policies of safe production and the boiler and pressure vessel safety regulations, and urge relevant units to implement them

(II) formulate or participate in the examination and approval of safety technical regulations and standards related to boilers and pressure vessels

(III) supervise and inspect the units that design, manufacture, install, use, inspect, repair and transform boilers and pressure vessels, and have the right to notify the units to correct any violations of the boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision regulations

(IV) check the use of boilers and pressure vessels, and have the right to stop illegal operations and illegal commands. If unsafe factors are found, the notice of boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision opinions can be issued, requiring the user unit to solve them within a time limit; If it fails to solve the problem within the time limit or there is a risk of accident, it has the right to notify to stop the operation of the equipment

(V) supervise the training and examination of stokers and welders by relevant units and issue certificates. Have the right to stop stokers without certificates from operating boilers independently and welders without certificates from welding pressure components

(VI) have the right to participate in or conduct accident investigation of boilers and pressure vessels and put forward handling opinions

Article 16 the inspector has the right to enter the units that manufacture and use boilers and pressure vessels for supervision and inspection at any time within the scope of his jurisdiction with his certificate; Have the right to require these units to report the implementation of relevant regulations and technical standards and provide relevant technical data; Have the right to investigate and inquire from relevant personnel, who shall truthfully reflect the situation and shall not obstruct in any form

Article 17 supervisors must correctly exercise their functions and powers, and shall not neglect their duties and violate the law and discipline. Otherwise, criticism, education and administrative sanctions shall be given according to the seriousness of the circumstances, and even the law shall be investigated. Chapter IV accident handling

Article 18 after a boiler and pressure vessel accident, the unit that has the accident must report it in time in accordance with the provisions of the boiler and pressure vessel accident reporting measures

after the explosion accident of boiler and pressure vessel, the local public security department and boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision organization shall send personnel to the scene immediately after receiving the report. Before the above personnel arrive, in addition to taking necessary measures to prevent the expansion of the accident or rescue personnel, most manufacturers should protect the site when selecting materials

Article 19 after a major accident or explosion accident occurs to a boiler or pressure vessel, the local boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision organization and the competent department of the user unit shall, when necessary, invite relevant units such as scientific research to jointly investigate and analyze the accident, and the relevant units shall actively assist

the test cost in the accident analysis shall be borne by the main unit of polycarbonate

Article 20 in case of heavy losses caused by boiler and pressure vessel accidents due to design, manufacturing, installation, repair and transformation, the main unit of the accident shall compensate the user for economic losses

Article 21 the boiler and pressure vessel safety supervision organization has the right to request relevant departments to investigate the administrative, economic and even criminal cases of persons who have seriously violated the boiler and pressure vessel safety regulations and caused heavy losses

Article 22 the specific measures for dealing with boiler and pressure vessel accidents shall be separately formulated by the State Administration of labor in conjunction with relevant departments. Chapter V supplementary provisions

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